1. Determine your hair type
Hair type is much more than just your hair's texture/curl type, 3A or 4C for example. Knowing your curl type actually doesn't help you in determining how to care for it. Instead you want to focus on these 3 main factors when it comes to hair type:
Hair density refers to how full your hair is. To determine density part a section of your hair and hold it to the side. If your scalp is hardly visible between the strands in the section then you have thick density. If your scalp is visible then you have thin density and anything in between is medium density.
Hair elasticity can be measured by taking a single strand of hair and stretching it to its breaking point. If the strand breaks immediately then your hair elasticity is low. If you're able to stretch the strand then elasticity is high. Hair elasticity can be improved with the proper care.
Knowing your porosity is very important because it refers to your hairs ability to absorb moisture and product.
Low porosity hair doesn't absorb moisture easily because the hair's cuticles are tightly bound. The best way to moisturize it is to use lightweight products and apply heat using a cap, hooded dryer or even steam.
Normal / Medium porosity hair cuticles are slightly raised allowing it to absorb and retain moisture well.
High porosity hair cuticles are widely raised so it both absorbs and releases moisture very easily. The best way to moisturize it is to
2. Find the right products for you
- Shampoo and deep conditioner
- Moisturizer (oil or water based)
- Microfiber towel
- Detangling tool ( wide tooth comb, paddle brush, etc.)
- Hair dryer and/ or diffuser
- Heat protectant
- Styler (gel, mousse, etc.)
- Hair masks
- Scalp massager
- Clips (for sectioning)
- Leave in conditioner
- Protein treatment
3. Wash day
4. Drying and styling
- No risk of heat damage
- Hair retains moisture longer
- Lessens risk of split ends
- Long drying time
- Can cause bacteria to grow on scalp
- Short dry time
- Preserves hair styles
- Easily stretch hair
- Prolonged use causes damage (split ends, breakage, etc.)
- May cause frizz